How To Stop Bleeding
| First Aid For Treating Bleeding Wounds
Although bleeding can be scary and dramatic, most cases are not fatal, provided the injury is treated immediately. Bleeding can usually be stopped by pressing down on the wound, which slows the flow of blood and helps it to clot. The flow of blood can also be slowed by raising the injured area above the heart, but this is safe only if no broken bones are involved.
How To Treat Severe Bleeding
1. Lay the person down. Remove clothing from around the wound if you can without wasting time or causing distress. Press down hard on the wound with a gauze swab, a handkerchief or a similar piece of material, or with bare hands. If there is something stuck in the wound press on surrounding skin.
If Something Is Stuck In The Wound
Do not try to remove a piece of glass or any other object embedded in a large wound -you could do further damage to tissue or increase bleeding. Instead:
Is The Bandage Too Tight?
Loosen a bandage tied around an arm or leg if you notice any of the following signs:
When Bleeding Still Does Not Stop
If severe bleeding from an injured arm or leg cannot be stopped by raising it and applying direct pressure on the wound, it may be possible to stop it using one of the body's 2 main arterial pressure points. These are places where an artery can be pressed against an underlying bone to stop the flow of blood. This technique should be used only to reduce severe bleeding, only as a last resort, and only with great care. Reduce the pressure after 10 minutes to restore circulation. If bleeding resumes, continue pressure as long as necessary.
The Femoral (Thigh) Pressure Point
The Brachial (Arm) Pressure Point
Bleeding From Burst Varicose Vein
If a varicose vein bursts or is injured, severe blood loss can occur rapidly. Lay the person down and press on the wound with a dressing. If no dressing is available to hand press the wound with your bare fingers.
Bleeding Nose, Mouth Or Ear
An injured person who is bleeding from the nose, mouth or ear may be suffering from a severe injury to the head, the chest or the abdominal region. A fractured skull may cause a trickle of blood from the nose or ears. An injury to the lungs, such as a puncture caused by a fractured rib, may result in pink frothy blood dribbling from the mouth and nose.
An injury to the scalp may look more threatening than it actually is because the scalp has a rich supply of blood and bleeds profusely, even from small cuts. And because the skin of the scalp is stretched tight over the head, a wound may also gape open, giving the impression of a much larger and more serious injury than might be the case. However, if the injury has been severe, or if the person has been unconscious, or is drowsy or vomiting, they should be examined by a doctor as soon as possible. In the meantime, don't clean the wound or remove any foreign matter; as long as there are no bone fragments or a skull depression, try to control the bleeding by holding your hand or a compress, such as the inside of a clean, folded handkerchief, on the wound.
Other First Aid
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