Ovarian Cancer Survival Rates
Statistics And Prognosis

chances of surviving ovarian cancer

Surviving Ovary Cancer

Ovarian Cancer Survival Rates

Contents

Will I Survive Ovarian Cancer?
What Are The Survival Rates For Invasive Epithelial Ovarian Cancer?
Survival Rates For Low Malignant Potential (LMP)
Survival Rates For Germ Cell Tumors



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Guide To Ovarian Cancer

Will I Survive Ovarian Cancer?

Studies show that 85 percent of ovarian cancer cases are not discovered in the early stages. This is primarily because so few women display any symptoms in the early stages. The sooner cancer is discovered (see ovarian cancer diagnosis) the better the chance of cure. Doctors discuss a person's outlook (prognosis) by referring to their survival rate. The 5 year survival rate is the percentage of ovarian cancer patients who live 5 years after their original diagnosis. It must be noted that many go on to live much longer than those 5 years and may even in fact be cured. Statistics can only reflect how a large group of people will react to treatment; it cannot always accurately predict how an individual will react. Other personal factors need to be taken into account such as the woman's age, general health and access to medical care. To individualize prognosis, doctors have a way of grading how they think a woman will react to treatment. They call this performance status (PS). PS is often used to determine how a woman will react to chemotherapy; it may also be used as a tool for measuring quality of life in cancer clinical trials. Using the ECOG scoring system, a person's PS will be graded from 0 to 5 as follows:

Performance Status

PS 0: Woman shows no symptoms of ovarian cancer and is fully active.
PS 1: Symptoms have occurred which restrict the woman, but she can still carry out office work and light housework.
PS 2: Patient still capable of self-care but needs to spend 50 percent of the waking day in bed.
PS 3: Patient only capable of limited self-care and needs to spend more than 50 percent of the waking day in bed.
PS 4: The woman is bed bound and completely disabled.
PS 5: Death.

What Are The Survival Rates?

As there are different types of ovarian cancer, different statistics will apply. Below is a list of the 5 year survival rates for the 3 main types of the disease, separated according to ovarian cancer stages. These figures are derived from the American National Cancer Institute and are based on patients diagnosed between 1998 and 2001.

Survival Rates For Invasive Epithelial Ovarian Cancer

The vast majority of ovarian cancer tumors are epithelial, some of which are benign while others are malignant. The following statistics apply to epithelial tumors which are cancerous.

Stage: 1
Cancer is still contained in 1 or both ovaries.
Overall 5 Year Survival Rate: 89 percent
Stage: 1a

Cancer is restricted and contained in 1 ovary.
5 Year Survival Rate: 94 percent
Stage: 1b

Cancer is found in but restricted to both ovaries.
5 Year Survival Rate: 91 percent
Stage: 1c

Tumor can be in 1 or both ovaries but has invaded the outer surface of the ovary.
5 Year Survival Rate: 80 percent

Stage: 2
Overall cancer has spread to other nearby organs.
5 Year Survival Rate: 66 percent
Stage: 2a
Cancer found in the fallopian tube and/or uterus.
5 Year Survival Rate: 76 percent
Stage: 2b
Tumor has spread to other organs like the rectum or bladder.
5 Year Survival Rate: 67 percent
Stage: 2c
Signs of cancer in the abdomen.
5 Year Survival Rate: 57 percent

Stage: 3
Overall cancer has now spread outside the pelvis and/or to the lymph nodes.
5 Year Survival Rate: 34 percent
Stage: 3a

Tumors on the abdomen are only visible under microscope.
5 Year Survival Rate: 45 percent
Stage: 3b

Tumors are visible but still smaller than 2cm.
5 Year Survival Rate: 39 percent
Stage: 3c

Tumors larger than 2cm found on the abdomen.
5 Year Survival Rate: 35 percent

Stage: 4
Cancer has spread to distant sites of the body such as the lungs.
5 Year Survival Rate: 18 percent

Read about Ovarian Cancer Treatment.

Survival Rates For Low Malignant Potential (LMP)

These tumors are considered borderline cancer and nearly 75 percent are found in the early stages when they are more curable.

Stage: 1
5 Year Survival Rate: 99 percent
Stage: 2
5 Year Survival Rate: 98 percent
Stage: 3

5 Year Survival Rate: 96 percent
Stage: 4

5 Year Survival Rate: 77 percent

Survival Rates For Germ Cell Tumors

These account for about 2 percent of ovarian cancers. The majority of germ cell tumors turn out to be benign which partly accounts for the better prognosis compared to invasive epithelial tumors.

Stage: 1
5 Year Survival Rate: 98 percent
Stage: 2

5 Year Survival Rate: 80 percent
Stage: 3

5 Year Survival Rate: 84 percent
Stage: 4

5 Year Survival Rate: 55 percent

What is the risk of cancer coming back?
See Ovarian Cancer Recurrence.

Can it be prevented?
See Ovarian Cancer Prevention.

Compare To Other Gynecologic Cancers
Breast Cancer Survival Rates
Fallopian Tube Cancer Survival Rates
Vaginal Cancer Survival Rates
Endometrial Cancer Survival Rates
Cervical Cancer Survival Rates
Vulva Cancer Survival Rates

  Related Articles on Ovary Cancer

For more on the topic, see the following:

Ovarian cysts: Benign tumors in the ovaries.
Causes of ovarian cancer: Antidepressants, talc powder and more.

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