Da Vinci Surgery
• What Is Da Vinci Surgery?
||What Is Da Vinci Surgery?
It is a minimally invasive surgery performed using special robotic surgical equipment. Minimally invasive means fewer or smaller cuts in the body are required for the surgeon to treat your internal condition. Da Vinci® is the trade name of the equipment used for this type of surgery, it is produced by a Californian company called Intuitive Surgical, Inc. Da Vinci surgery can be used for all sorts of operations, including:-
Note: Currently about 2,500 da Vinci medical systems are installed in 1,900 hospitals worldwide. The system is named after Leonardo da Vinci, the famous 15th century artist and inventor known for his advanced study of human anatomy.
A da Vinci surgery is performed by robotic assistance. A robotic device performs the actual surgery, controlled by the surgeon who sits at a nearby console. The console translates the surgeon's hand movements into smaller more precise movements in the patient's body. This allows for the use of smaller surgical instruments which could not ordinarily be reliably used by human hand. While sitting at the console, the surgeon has a magnified 3D image of the inside of your body. He operates by moving master controls, rather like forceps, which translate into real-time movements in the patient.
The surgery is as safe as traditional surgery. The system cannot be programmed, nor can it make its own decisions. Every surgical maneuver needs to be first inputted by the surgeon. At all times the patient has a surgical assistant next to them, watching the surgery and switching instruments when the surgeon requires. As the surgeon can operate while sitting down, they are less likely to become tired and make mistakes.
Yes, it is different. While laparoscopy is also a minimally invasive procedure, it is still performed in the traditional manner by the surgeons own hand. It involves making small incisions and inserting a video and tools through the incisions to carry out surgery. Due to the limitation of laparoscopic rigid instruments, laparoscopy has been limited to a few routine procedures.
If it's so great, why don't more hospitals offer da Vinci? Two reasons: steep learning curve and cost. Although Intuitive Surgical provide a training program, it takes surgeons on average 12 to 18 patients before they are comfortable performing with the new system. Furthermore, many feel hindered by not being able to handle real tissue (tactile sensation) during an operation. However, one of the main barriers cited by surgeries is cost. The system costs about $1.5 million and a paper published in the American Journal of Surgery reported that 75 percent of surgeons felt financially limited by paying more than $500,000 for any system.
Yes, the da Vinci system was first approved by the FDA in July 2000. It is now approved:
It is a hysterectomy performed using the da Vinci system. A hysterectomy is the surgical removal of the womb (uterus). In the past the procedure required a large abdominal incision which took weeks, sometimes months to heal. With da Vinci surgery, using robotic equipment, only a few tiny incisions are required so the patient can return to normal life much faster.
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