Signs Of Hypertension
• What Are The Symptoms of Hypertension?
|What Are The Symptoms of Hypertension?
Nearly one in three American adults have hypertension, and many of them do not know it. This is because in the vast majority of cases hypertension produces no symptoms and for this reason it is called a silent killer. If you are aged over 40 you should have your blood pressure checked every 2 years for signs of elevation. Slightly elevated blood pressure is known as prehypertension, and if left untreated is likely to turn into full blown hypertension.
No Warning Signs
Hypertension gradually constricts the arteries (in particular the arterioles, the smallest arteries in the body). One possible consequence is an enlarged heart as the heart muscle expands to work harder to pump blood through the narrowed arteries. As the heart enlarges, it starts to work less effectively resulting in CHF. If the arteries become damaged in the process they can burst, causing blood to leak into the brain (stroke) or the eyes (causing blindness). It also sets the stage for atherosclerosis because as the arteries become damaged they become more prone to plaque forming and gradually become clogged. This is one of the main causes of angina attacks, heart attacks and chest pain in women. If an artery supplying blood to the kidneys becomes blocked it can cause kidney failure.
If you have any of the risk factors for hypertension (for example you are black, have diabetes, or if you are obese and smoke, see causes of high blood pressure), or are receiving treatment for high blood pressure, in particular if your doctor has prescribed blood pressure drugs, you should become familiar with the symptoms of the following heart conditions:
Symptoms of Stroke: See diagram
Symptoms of Heart Related Chest Pain
Symptoms of Angina
Next: read how doctors give a hypertension diagnosis.
|Related Articles on Symptoms Of Hypertension
For more on the topic, see the following:
• All about high, low and normal blood pressure readings
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