Gynecological Disorders
Conditions Which Affect The Female Reproductive Organs

OB/GYN problems


Gyno Problems


What Is A Gynecological Disorder?
Common Disorders That Cause Infertility
Female Cancers
What Are The Most Common Problems?
What Are The Most Common Symptoms?

Articles In This Section

Painful Intercourse
Vulva Pain

Related Articles:

Diagram of the Female Body
Female Reproductive System

What Is A Gynecological Disorder?

Terminology: Gynecology is a branch of medicine that specializes in the treatment of women - specifically, the treatment of diseases and problems of the reproductive organs. A doctor who practices this branch of healthcare is called a gynecologist. Obstetrics is a branch of medicine that deals with the care of women in pregnancy and childbirth. A physician who practices obstetrics is called an obstetrician. Very often a doctor may qualify in both areas and is called an OBGYN.

A gynecological disorder is a condition which affects the female reproduction organs, namely the breasts and organs in the abdominal and pelvic area including the womb (uterus), ovaries, fallopian tubes, vagina and vulva. Virtually every woman will suffer a gynecological condition at some point in her life. For most, it will be minor and easily treatable, but for others their condition may have devasting consequences - impacting their ability to have children and even, with some illnesses, threaten their life.

Common Disorders That Cause Infertility

Pelvic inflammatory disease: (PID) is the most common yet serious complication - outside of the HIV virus (cause of AIDS) - of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). In the United States alone, one million women experience an acute attack of PID every year and 100,000 become infertile as a result.
Chlamydia: Chlamydia is the most commonly reported STD in the U.S. Left untreated, 40 percent of women develop PID and 20 percent of these become infertile. 75 percent of women with chlamydia experience no symptoms and may not seek treatment.
Endometriosis: It is estimated that between 2 and 10 percent of American women (5.5 million of childbearing age) have endometriosis. It is one of the 3 major causes of infertility.

Female Cancers

Breast cancer: Strikes 180,000 American women a year, killing about 40,000. It appears to be age-related. Only 5 percent of breast cancer cases occur in women under 40 and 25 percent in women under 50.
Endometrial cancer: most common cancer of the female reproductive organs. There are about 39,000 new cases in America every year and over 7,000 women will die from it.
Ovarian cancer: is the 8th most common type of cancer in women. 22,000 new cases appear every year and it results in 15,000 deaths making it the most lethal of all female cancers.
Cervical cancer: About 11,000 cases of invasive cervical cancer are diagnosed every year and about 4,000 of those patients will die. The mortality rate has been declining since the introduction of widespread Pap test screening.
Vulva cancer: If detected early it is highly curable. About 4,000 cases are reported every year.
Vaginal cancer: Extremely rare, about 2,500 cases are reported every year resulting in 700-800 deaths.

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What Are The Most Common Gynecological Problems?

1. Painful Intercourse
Also called dyspareunia, the causes of painful intercourse vary and range from physical problems to psychological ones. Most women experience symptoms of painful intercourse at some stage of their life. The treatment focuses on curing the underlying cause, to help eliminate the problem.
2. Pelvic Pain
In general pelvic pain signals that there could be a problem with one of the organs located in the area, such as the ovaries, fallopian tubes, cervix, uterus, vagina, rectum or lower intestines. Common causes include ovarian cysts, endometriosis, uterine fibroids.
3. Pelvic Disorders
This refers to any disorder of the pelvic region, including all of those mentioned above. Other common pelvic disorders include:
Bowel disorders like constipation, diarrhea and bloating.
Urinary tract infections.
• Urinary incontinence.
• Uterine fibroids.
Uterine prolapse.
4. STDs
STDs cause all sorts of gyno issues. Read about the symptoms of STDs, relates to chancroid, chlamydia, crabs, gonorrhea, genital herpes, genital warts and HPV virus.
5. Vulvodynia
All chronic vulva pain that does not appear to have an obvious cause is grouped under the general diagnosis of vulvodynia. The possible causes of vulva pain include yeast infections, HPV infections and injury to the area. The symptoms of vulva pain are characterized by burning, stinging or sharp pain in the vulva. Treatment of vulvodynia is difficult unless an obvious cause is identified.
6. Vaginitis
The most common types of vaginitis are yeast infections, trichomoniasis and bacterial vaginosis. Vaginitis literally means 'inflammation' and is characterized by burning and itching around the vulva and the presence of a strong smelling discharge. It is usually caused by an infection or poor diet.

What Are The Most Common Symptoms?

The symptoms of a gynecological disorder will vary according to the condition. See our symptom checker: reproductive system disorders.

The most common symptoms which indicate a problem are:

• Bleeding between periods or during or after intercourse.
• Sores or lumps on the genitals.
• Increased vaginal discharge, particularly if it smells unusual.
• Itching, burning or swelling in the vaginal area.
• Pain in the pelvis area that is not related to menstrual cramps.
• Burning sensation when you urinate.

While vaginal bleeding and discharge is a normal part of a menstrual cycle, if you notice anything unusual or different consult a doctor. While most conditions result from mild infections and are easy to treat, if not treated they can develop into more serious problems like infertility or kidney disorders.

  Other Useful Guides

Development Of The Female Body: Puberty to old age.
Womens Health Questions: Top health Q&A's.
Latest Health Statistics: Average life expectancy of women?
Development of the female body: From puberty to old age.
The endocrine system: Hormones and their functions.
How menopause affects the body: Understanding the biological changes.

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