|Who Has Diabetes?
8 percent of the American population have diabetes, that's about 25 million people. 18 million have received a diabetes diagnosis while an estimated 7 million remain undiagnosed.
Age And Gender
• 11 million or 27 percent of the US population aged over 65 have diabetes.
• About 215,000 Americans under the age of 20 have either type 1 or type 2 diabetes.
The incident rate is almost the same between men and women:
• Male: 13 million or 11.8 percent of the population.
• Female: 12.6 million or 10.8 percent of the population.
• Non-Hispanic Whites: 16 million or 10 percent of all non-hispanic whites aged over 20 have diabetes.
• Blacks: 5 million or 19 percent of all blacks aged over 20.
• Alaska natives and American Indians: 16 percent of all those aged over 20.
• Mexican Americans: 13 percent of all those aged over 20.
• Puerto Ricans Americans: 14 percent of all those aged over 20.
Prediabetes is a condition where a person's blood sugar level is raised, but not quite raised enough to qualify as full-blown diabetes. Most people who develop type 2 diabetes started with prediabetes.
An estimated 79 million Americans have prediabetes. For people newly diagnosed with this condition, take a look at our diabetes resources for extra sources of information. Also, can prediabetes be reversed?
Gestational Diabetes Statistics
This is a temporary form of diabetes which develops in pregnant women, usually in second trimester of pregnancy. It is sometimes called type 3 diabetes. Important facts include:
• Between 4 and 8 percent of pregnant women develop gestational diabetes.
• New international diagnostic criteria were recently announced which means that 18 percent of all pregnant women will now be categorized as having gestational diabetes.
• Women who develop the condition, have a 50 percent chance of developing type 2 diabetes within 5 to 10 years.
• Poorly controlled diabetes in women with type 1 diabetes causes birth defects in 5 to 10 percent of pregnancies and spontaneous abortions in 15 to 20 percent of pregnancies.
• Poorly controlled diabetes in the second and third trimester of pregnancy can result in excessively large babies which poses a risk to both mother and child.
What Is The Death Rate?
Diabetes is the 7th leading cause of deaths in the United States.
The risk of death for people with diabetes is twice that of those without the disease. See also main causes of death in women.
How Much Does Diabetes Cost?
In 2007 it was estimated the direct medical costs of diabetes was $116 billion. The medical cost of looking after a patient with diabetes is 2.3 higher than those without the disease. Indirect costs (time off work, disability, premature death) amounted to $58 billion.
Check our articles if you are curious about:
The causes of diabetes or diabetes treatment. Or if you're not sure about the signs, read about the symptoms of diabetes.
What Is The Risk Of Diabetes Complications?
Diabetes complications are medical problems which can affect diabetics long-term. Studies show that keeping tight control of glucose levels is the best way to help prevent or delay on the onset of problems. Facts related to complications:
The risk of heart disease in women with diabetes is particularly high. In 2004 it was noted as the cause of death on 68 percent of diabetic’s death certificates.
• Stroke was noted as the cause of death in 16 percent of diabetics.
• The risk factors for stroke are 2 to 4 times higher for diabetics.
• 67 percent of diabetics have high blood pressure (that is 140/90 mmHG or over) and use blood pressure medications.
• Diabetes is the leading cause of blindness in adults.
• Nearly 29 percent of diabetics over the age of 40 have diabetic retinopathy, of which 5 percent were severe enough to lead to blindness.
Kidney Failure & Nerve Damage
• Diabetes accounts for 44 percent of all new cases of kidney failure.
• Nearly 70 percent of diabetics have mild to severe forms of nervous system damage. This leads to reduced sensation in hands or feet, and slowed digestion of food in the tummy.
Nearly 60 percent of lower-limb (foot or leg) amputations not caused by trauma are performed on people with diabetes.
• Gum disease (periodontal) is twice as high in diabetics.
• Diabetes makes people more prone to other illnesses and when they get ill they often have a worse chance of recovery. For example they are more likely to die of influenza or pneumonia than non-diabetics.
• Diabetics are twice as likely to suffer from depression as non-diabetics. Read about the effects of depression.
How To Prevent Diabetes Complications
Diabetes can affect many parts of the body, from the eyes to the kidneys and feet. If you receive a diabetes diagnosis, do be sure to work closely with your healthcare team and never put off important diabetes tests necessary to ensure your long-term health. You can reduce your risk of complications significantly by careful blood glucose monitoring, controlling your blood pressure and cholesterol and eating a healthy diet. Remember, every percentage point drop in your A1C blood test can reduce your risk of kidney, eyes and nerve disease by 40 percent.
Preventing Heart Disease
• Patients with type 1 diabetes reduce their risk of cardiovascular disease significantly with intensive insulin therapy.
• Maintaining healthy blood pressure readings can reduce your risk of stroke by 33 to 50 percent and the risk of eye, kidney and nerve diseases by 33 percent.
• In general, every 10mmHG reduction in systolic blood pressure reduces your risk of complications by 12 percent.
• Reducing diastolic blood pressure from 90 mmHg to 80 mmHg reduces the risk of major heart events by 50 percent.
• Maintaining healthy LDL cholesterol levels (the bad stuff) can reduce your chance of heart attacks by up to 50 percent. Read about heart attack prevention.
Always go for regular eye exams. Detecting diabetic eye diseases with laser therapy can reduce the risk of blindness by 50 to 60 percent.
Reduce your risk of foot amputation by 45 to 85 percent by maintaining a comprehensive foot program: inform yourself about foot-care procedures, always have foot problems treated and get referred to a specialist if problems persist.
Preventing Kidney Failure
Testing and treating early signs of kidney disease can halt the decline of your kidneys by up to 70 percent. Treatment includes ACE inhibitor drugs, and blood pressure drugs.
Statistics provided by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
Diabetes Questions Answered
Testing At Home
Are there any home tests for diabetes?
Learning About Healthy Blood Sugar Levels
What is a normal blood sugar count?